Very interesting perspective on Proverbs and 24.11-12 especially:
Suffice it to say that, in the dramatic context of Proverbs, this verse has a different immediate force. The ones “being taken away to death” and “staggering to slaughter” are the fools and simpletons of the early chapters of the book. Throughout those chapters, the simpleton is depicted as one who blissfully follows the adulteress to the grave (2:18-19; 6:33; 7:22-27; 9:18). Proverbs 7:22 says that the fool follows the woman Folly as “an ox goes to the slaughter.”
In context of the whole book, then, Proverbs 24:11-12 instruct us to rescue fools and simpletons from the folly and simplicity. The idea is close to that of James 5:20: “he who turns a sinner from the error of his way will save his soul from death, and will cover a multitude of sins.” The rescue operation in view in Proverbs 24:11-12 is primarily the rescue of foolish sinners from the highway that leads to the grave.